The impact of WEEE directive
Time[2003-1-11]    NO.[2548]Read
    Two EU directives affect China"s exports of electronics products

The EU is China an important market for electronics exports, the trend in recent years with rapid growth trend. 2001 China"s exports to the EU only 461936700 Taiwan (pieces), the export volume 3451936200 U.S. dollars, while in 2006 only 1 to June, China"s exports to the EU have reached 1264541200 Taiwan (pieces), reached 6733761900 U.S. dollars. Over the past five years, China"s household electrical appliance goods to the EU"s export volume grew by over six times the export volume increased by 4.22 times. From 2001 to 2004 annual exports to the EU have substantially increased, but the past year and more exports to the EU increased significantly slow down the first half of 2006 also experienced negative growth (see Table 1). On the EU market and the export growth fell, and the European Union in 2006 has introduced two environmental directives have important links.

EU directives WEEE and RoHS directives in 2006 of January 1 and July 1 formally implemented, in principle, the implementation of directives from both the day, where in the EU market on the sales of electrical and electronic goods are subject to EU The jurisdiction of these two commands, but now, the impact of China"s export enterprises did not appear to fully process, what are the reasons for the WEEE directive has spread the risk? »When the RoHS directive is implemented, production enterprises in China is how to deal with it »

China"s 2005 total of 2.509 billion / 12.929 billion U.S. dollars of goods exported to the EU, reached thousands of types of these commodities from the legal terms are subject to the two EU directives constraints, but the Chinese household electrical appliances, audio-visual merchandise exports have their own Characteristics, but also because of the implementation of the EU Member States the pace of Act inconsistent, scattered or delay the implementation of the WEEE directive.

The EU is composed of 25 member countries, the EU environmental directives into the two different timetables, in particular Britain, France, Poland and Malta four countries will be the EU directive into national law to the timetable for some more late . At present, the recovery in Europe has established a system of six countries, and participate in the WEEE only the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark and Sweden is the EU"s member states, Norway and Switzerland, although a recovery system, but not in the context of EU member states, Therefore, in 2006 after the implementation of WEEE directive can really catch the first train WEEE directive, the official recovery operation only the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, the four countries. The four countries in 2005 the import of Chinese home appliances, audio-visual goods for 811816300 Taiwan, the EU accounted for 32.32 percent of export volume, export volume of 3.391 billion U.S. dollars of exports to the EU accounted for 24.68 percent. This shows that China"s exports to the EU"s home appliances, audio-visual products in the real on January 1, 2006 subject to the jurisdiction of the WEEE directive of goods, only the Chinese home appliances, audio-visual goods to the EU"s total exports 1 / 4 around, in this part of By the constraints of goods, the Netherlands and accounted for 75.52 percent. In the Netherlands for exports, foreign enterprises export-536524600 Taiwan, the Netherlands accounting for 91.19 percent of total exports, exports of 2.231 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 87.28 percent of exports. General trade with other trade exports only about 200 million U.S. dollars, accounting for only 10 percent - a very small proportion. In addition, Royal Philips, and other enterprises in China to establish a number of joint ventures, these enterprises of goods Fan Xiao is also a very important part.

Chinese household electrical appliances, audio-visual products exports to the EU mainly in the form of OEM, exports to the EU"s own-brand exports to the EU accounted for only 10 percent to 15 percent, distributed to 25 countries, and then distributed to more than 200 tax identification number of 1,000 Commodities, go down this calculation, the real in these four countries affected by the WEEE directive of the Chinese home appliances, audio-visual products less than 400 million U.S. dollars. In other words, exports of electronics goods to the EU"s 2 percent to 3 percent only in January 1, 2006 after the WEEE directive by the control and influence.

2005 China has 5,370 enterprises exports to the EU household appliances, audio-visual products (Table 2), these enterprises In theory, in 2006 exports to the EU must be in the EU 25 countries registered and set up special accounts, this is A very substantial costs. As the 25-nation EU laws and the implementation of specific programmes has not been fully defined, therefore, amount to only 12 EU countries which do a rough (theoretical) estimates.

After investigation, registered in Germany have to pay the costs: basic registration costs 155 euros (only one product, a brand); such as the increase in the same type of increase in the same or different brands of different types of brands, to increase 85 euros ; change or update a data pay 100 euros; the establishment of capital accounts (a product, a brand) to pay 455 euros. According to statistics, about 2,212 Chinese export enterprises in Germany need to pay the cost. After calculations, a business in Germany for the basic needs of 1,235 euros, which means China"s exports to Germany appliances, audio-visual products of the enterprises must first pay about 2.7318 million euros, in order to be eligible for sale in Germany. But China"s trade exports to OEM-based, independent export only 10% to 15%, about 250 enterprises, have to pay around 300,000 euros. But the cost of WEEE will be implemented as an extension of time and has continuously increased.

If in Germany to the basic registration fee deduction, then if an enterprise to the EU in 10 to 15 countries registered, the enterprises need to cost 7,410 to 11,115 euros, as the EU registration fees and the cost of setting up different accounts, When measured only in a German enterprises in the basic registration fee for the 60 percent calculation. This shows that a business in the European Union to achieve 10 to 15 countries operating the concession, must be invested 100,000 yuan to carry out pre-registration and so on.